These books were published as ordinary books; however, they’ve changed the way we perceive the world.

1.The Origin of the Species by Charles Darwin

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The Origin of the Species was published by naturalist Charles Darwin on 24 November 1859. The original title of the book was Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of the Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life but it was changed as The Origin of the Species in 1872.  The book being considered as one of the most significant book in science is about Darwin’s experiments in Beagle ship between 1831 and 1836. Mars and Engels were among the first readers of Darwin’s work. In a letter to Marx, Engels wrote “Darwin, by the way, whom I’m reading just now, is absolutely splendid.” After reading the book Marx replied Engels, “This is the book that contains the natural-history foundation of our view point.” One of the common mistakes and prejudices about Darwin and his work is about apes. Darwin doesn’t suggest that apes are origins of the humans. On the contrary, he warns us about the apes. It is true that apes and humans share the same origins but humans don’t appear as a result of apes’ evolution.

2.The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

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The Communist Manifesto by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was published in London in 1848. The book which is recognised as one of the most influential political manuscripts has changed the history of the world. Manifesto is still considered as a masterpiece. It has four chapters and the last one of these chapters is a short conclusion. The last sentence of the book has become a universal motto, “Working men of all countries, unite!”

3.The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud

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In his masterpiece, Freud suggests that even the most complicated dreams can be interpreted. Freud claims that observing yourself without criticizing yourself first is possible and not that hard. According to our writer, dreams are our wishes that we want to happen. In his book, he deeply analyses why we forget our dreams, the relations between our daily life and dreams and the sources of the dreams. He gives examples from his psychoanalytic works in order to prove his suggestions.


4.Guerrilla Warfare by Ernesto Che Guevara

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Guerrilla Warfare was published by Che Guevara in 1961, right after the Cuban Revolution. In a short time, the book has become a guide for guerrillas around the world, especially in Cuba. In his book, Che Guevara suggests that three important lessons should be learned from the Cuban Revolution.

5.Civil Disobedience Solitude and Life Without Principle by Henry David Thoreau

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Henry David Thoreau leaves his town and moves a lakeshore in 1845 as he is uncomfortable with striking developments of capitalism in the United States. He writes Civil Obedience in here and publishes it in 1849. Thoreau suggests that civils should not allow government to affect their consciousness and overrule themselves. He strikes his readers with the entrance sentence, “That government is best which governs least.”

6.A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Moral and Political Subjects by Mary Wollstonecraft

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A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was written by British feminist activist Mary Wollstonecraft in 1792. The book is considered as one of the earliest work of feminist philosophy. Mary Wollstonecraft is recognised as one of the leading names of liberal feminism. According to Wollstonecraft, since men and women share the same moral and spiritual self, they also should get the same intellectual and spiritual education.


7.The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

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An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith was first published in 1776 and usually known with its shortened name. Adam Smith was a Scottish economist and moral philosopher. Smith’s work is considered as the fundamental book in economics. The book talks about productivity, free market and division of labour.



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